The Krajina Museum
The Krajina Museum was founded in 1934. The permanent display follows the historical development of Negotinska Krajina from its earliest origins to the 20th century. The Krajina Museum includes the museum building itself with arheological, ethnological, historical and art displays, the Haiduk Veljko Museum dedicated to the Krajina Voivoda from the First Serbian Insurrection (uprising), birth house of Stevan Mokranjac as historical and memorial entirety and the late ancient site of Vrelo-Šarkamen.
The building in which The Krajina Museum is placed was built in the late 19th and the early 20th century. The archeology of The Krajina Museum is partly presented in the lapidarium, where architectonic and sacral ornaments are exhibited, but its main part is on the ground floor where the most valuable archeological artefacts present the period from Paleolithic to the late Middle Ages. The museum display on the first floor consists of artefacts from the ethnological, historical and art collection covering the period of the late 19th century and the early 20th century. The ethnological display comprises topics that represent the core of the traditional culture of Negotinska Krajina: crafts, professions, weaving, rugs, home decoration, customs and folk costume. In the first part of the historical display the visitors can see the exhibits which refer to economic development of Krajina, then the 13th infantry regiment as well as the period of socialism. In the second part of the display the artifacts illustrate the period of the Balkan wars and the World War I. The display on the first floor is enriched by artistic paintings. Portraits of very important people of the 19th century are exhibited here.
The birth house of Stevan Mokranjac includes postulate which is performed in ambient style town house of the late 19th century. The Museum display is on the first floor, placed in four interconnected rooms. A short biography of the famous composer is displayed on the wall panels. Exhibited documents, correspondence and personal belongings lead you through the life and work of Mokranjac from his early days to the end of his life. Also, part of the permanent exhibition is the memorial room to Momcilo Mokranjac, the son of the famous composer. The biography of Momcilo Mokranjac – a well-known chemist, toxicologist, and professor, is presented on the panels. Exhibited documents, correspondence, and personal items lead you through the life and work of Momcilo Mokranjac from his early days to the end of his life.
The Haiduk Veljko Museum is located in the house of Negotin’s obor-knez (a title borne by elected local native Serbian chiefs), Todorče, from the 19th century. On the ground floor you can see a gallery and a hall. A part of the ethnological and historical collection is presented in the hall. The ethnological display includes exhibits representing traditional viticulture and enology from the late 19th and early 20th century. The historical displaz includes weapons, photographs, drawings, documents and captions associated with the insurrection in the Krajinas and its defender Haiduk Veljko. The museum display on the first floor of Todorče’s residence is divided into three different rooms. In the first room visitors can see portraits of Haiduk Veljko and literary and music works of art inspired both by Haiduk Veljko’s heroic deeds as well as his personality. In the second room there is a fireplace, a hearth called odžaklija, in which you can see exhibits from ethnological collection: household objects which evoke the ambient of a town house from the 19th century. The third room contains weapons used in the First Serbian uprising.
The late ancient site of Vrelo Šarkamen is located 25 km west of Negotin. This residential-memorial complex comes from the Roman authorities (3–4 Century) and is one of the small number of confirmed so far out of Rome. The researches were carried out in one of the five visible objects mausoleum of the empress-mother. In 1996 it was found the set out the emperor’s golden jewelry (located in the National Museum in Belgrade), from the time of regency of Galerie and Maksimina Daje (293 to 311 year BC).